Common Nutrient Deficiency in Plants

According to the article ‘Palm Oil Facts and Figures’ by Sime Darby, “Palm Oil makes up about 15% of the total land area in Malaysia”. This makes Malaysia the second-largest palm oil production in the world right after Indonesia. Besides that, palm oil is mostly used for domestic and industrial purposes that it’s the highest edible oil yielding perennial crop producing two types of oil which are palm kernel oil and crude palm oil. Palm oil is one of the most heavy-feeding plant that it requires an adequate amount of fertiliser and also balanced nutrients for a better growth.

Nutrients in plants are important, especially plants that needs to produce a healthy amount of yields for commercial purposes. Most often, agricultural faced multiple difficulties concerning the health of their crops, with only a limited knowledge on how to manage the impediment, should something happened to the crops.

Causes of deficiencies

Nutrients deficiencies in plants are normal – some days are better than the other. However, some matters are not to be neglected as it brings a bigger impact to the number of yield.

Nitrogen (N) Deficiency

Nitrogen deficiency in plants are commonly caused by water-logging, heavy weed infestation and topsoil erosion. This nutrient deficiency will cause the reduction in number of size and amount of production of the plant’s bunch. Besides that, it can cause plant to lose the glossy lustre of the leaves, causing it to look less appealing than the actual appearance of a healthy plant.

Phosphorus (P) Deficiency

Compared to a healthy and well-nourished plant, the leaves of a phosphorus deficient-plant will appear shorter, and the bunch size and trunk’s diameters are reduced. This in turn, affects the production of the palm oil as the bunch size is a crucial factor in the commercial use. These condition is caused by the cold weather, excessive rainfall and also acidic soil. Certain measures are ought to be taken to ensure sufficient amount of the nutrients needed for the plants.

Potassium (K) Deficiency

Matters concerning the lack of potassium nutrient in plants caused when the soil is light and sandy that it rapidly leeches of the potassium as potassium is easily dissolved, the uptake are inhibited because of the structure of the soil. Lack of potassium nutrients in plants will stunted the growth of a plant as potassium is an important catalyst in plants as it helps the activation of enzymes in the growth process of a plant.

Thus, it’s important to take plant’s nutrients very seriously as it affects every production, including the amount and size of the bunch. Extra provision of great maintenance will have you thank your plants later on during harvesting season.

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